Dentistry has diverged into many sub fields. It is a versatile field and with advances in technology you will be able to find a solution to almost any problem. These are a few of the common subdivisions of dentistry.
This field deals with diseases related with the dental pulp and any periarticular conditions. The dental pulp is essentially the innermost living tissue in a tooth. The primary focus of these dentists is to diagnose, find the cause and provide treatment for this type of diseases. One of the most common surgeries performed by endodontists’ is root canal therapy. Besides this they also treat cracked teeth and trauma to teeth.
Periodontists are specialised to diagnose and treat supportive structures of the teeth. These structures include the gums, alveolar bone and periodontal ligament. These are the parts of the teeth that are usually affected by bad oral hygiene. Plaque formation and other bacterial infections affect these structures, and up to date these factors continue to be the leading cause of tooth loss.
A pediatric dentist is specialised to deal with oral problems associated with children. They are usually given a few years of extra training and they are better at dealing with children’s oral problems than regular dentists.
A speciality field that only deals with the correction of misaligned teeth. They provide relatively expensive procedures such as dental braces and invisalign systems to correct crooked teeth.
Minimal intervention dentistry
The objective of this discipline is to prevent tooth decay and also to use a minimalistic invasion when treating already damaged teeth. For an instance when given to treat a decaying tooth, they will first determine if the tooth can be saved. If so, they will first try to stop further decay and subsequently treat the issue. Once it is cured they will prescribe procedures to prevent the occurrence of the same problem in future.
Oral and maxillofacial surgery
This field can be considered as an amalgamation of both dentistry and medicine. They specialise in diseases associated with head neck and oral region. Surgeons who specialise in this area treat tumours in the head and neck, diseases in the mouth lining and salivary glands and damaged teeth and jawbones.
Prosthodontists deal with providing prosthetics to replace missing teeth, damaged jaws and other facial bones with biocompatible structures. They are responsible for recommending, treating and advising on the maintenance of the structures they provide. Usually these appliances must be comfortable to wear and they must be functionally and structurally similar to the structure they replace.